How to choose dog food?
1.Types of feed
The choice of how to feed your dog is unlimited: dry food, canned food, semi-moist food, our usual human food, or a mixture of these types of food. When choosing, many factors are important: cost, nutritional value, convenience, taste, possible allergies, availability, etc. What is perfect for your neighbor’s dog may not be yours. Do not feed the dog what it does not like. If the dog does not want to eat purchased food, do not starve it, experiment, buy small packets of food for testing. The difference between good and bad food is not very noticeable in price, however, this difference can add several years to your dog a healthy life.
2. Dry (granular) feed.
Granular feed is made mainly from corn, rice and soybeans. In the feeds of reputable brands, the main ingredient is meat and fish, such feeds are a bit more expensive, but buying them is more profitable, because your dog will need less food to satisfy his hunger. Granular feed contains calories in concentrated form, while canned food contains much more water. Large dogs find it difficult to satisfy calorie needs by eating only prepared canned food. If you have a large dog, buy granular food – this is the most practical option. There is an opinion that granular feed helps keep the dog’s teeth in good condition. Some facts suggest that solid, dry foods actually slow down the development of gum and tooth diseases, but does not stop it completely. Do not forget to regularly brush your dog with teeth – this will keep them in good condition for a long time.
3. Canned food.
Some types of this dog food have an unpleasant smell, but in most cases, dogs prefer canned food — both by smell and taste. To buy the best food, look at the label. Look for food with the main ingredient in the form of meat, fish or poultry. In low-quality canned food, the main ingredient is water, such food consists of more than 80% of water. Whole vegetables are added to good canned food, rather than rice bran, rice flour and brewing rice.
Such feeds are sold in small packages. In most cases, this food looks good, but almost all of its components are absolutely not suitable for the dog. This type of feed is supersaturated with sugar; moreover, it consists of about 50% water. These substances are not needed by the dog, they will only contribute to the development of obesity and tooth decay. The shelf life of such feed is minimal.
HOW TO FEED A DOG BONES?
Everyone knows that literally two things can be done with bones: either throw it away or give it to a dog. But is it? Below we will tell you what “sugar stone” is, to whom and in what form it can be given.
Sugar bone is a large bone, covered with cartilage, with a spongy tissue structure and having an articular head. Why is it sugar? It is called so not at all because it is made of sugar, but because the head of the bone has a smooth surface, white in color like sugar, in color.
Let’s figure out who
such a tasty treat is suitable for: – First of all, it is recommended to give such a treat to puppies aged 4.5-6 months. At this age, babies change their teeth, they often bite everything around. A stone will help them loosen and help them fall out faster.
- Such a bone is a natural abrasive for brushing your teeth. If you give it 1-2 times a month to puppies older than 6 months of age, then this will serve as a good prevention against tartar.
- There is a lot of calcium in the bones, so they can be added to the diet as a source of this useful element. But there are some dangers:
- From the use of bones, the pet erases and crumbles teeth. It is not recommended to give them to animals of advanced age, as well as dogs with weak gums. It is better to indulge such pets with delicacies prepared with their own hands.
- Bones are not well digested, and their frequent consumption can clog the stomach and cause constipation.
- Pets with problems with discipline are also not recommended to give bones. The dog can begin to guard the bone, protect and grind.
- For small breeds of dogs such a treat is hardly suitable. It is better for them to immediately separate pieces of cartilage or tendons. An alternative is trachea, ears, calyx and other cartilage-containing products.
What ’s the difference between age-specific foods?
Dogs and cats become almost adult dogs and cats in their first year of life. From birth to one year of age, puppies and kittens require more nutrients than adult dogs and cats because they require more nutrients for growth. Pet age-specific foods are displayed in three levels according to the following situations (Exhibition: Partially reorganized the Pet Food Association website).
1.Pregnancy / lactation food
It is a so-called milk substitute that is given until about 4 weeks of age. There are powdered milk and liquid milk based on the components of dog and cat breast milk. There are also high-nutrition foods designed to meet the nutritional standards that mother dogs and cats need for breastfeeding.
2.Food for pregnancy / lactation / food for puppies / kittens / growth
Until around 8 weeks of age, we give so-called baby food. If the mother and the weaning child live together, they may imitate the mother and start eating dry food, but if not, instead of suddenly giving granular dry food, It is a good idea to increase the size of the grains, paste the flake or powdered food, or make it into a wet type.
From about 8 weeks of age to 1 year old (up to 1 and a half years for large dogs, up to about 10 months for ultra-small dogs), give food indicated for puppies and kittens, growing or growth . Vitamins, minerals and amino acids required for bone and body growth are fortified, making it a comprehensive nutritional diet designed to provide sufficient protein and lipids.
After 1 year old, it is displayed as adult dog / cat or maintenance period, maintenance, etc., and there are various types of food.
In addition, from the age of 6 to 8 years old, attention has been drawn to the increase in dogs and cats who live longer, such as “food for elderly dogs and cats”, “food for elderly dogs and cats”, and “food for long-lived dogs and cats”. There is also a “food” (how to divide the age and how to write it depends on the product and manufacturer). This food is adjusted to low fat and low calorie according to the decrease of the amount of exercise and metabolism, and the component is adjusted in consideration of the decrease of each function of the body and the supplement of nutrition.