How to choose a dry dog food
Dry food should not only be of high quality, but also suitable for this particular dog. First of all, you need to choose food by age group, since food intended for puppies will be harmful to an adult dog, and vice versa.
1.Puppy food is rich not only in vitamins and minerals, but also in nutrients. Indeed, rapid growth requires energy and building material. Therefore, puppy food contains an increased amount of protein and fat. Usually it is 27-30 and 16-18 percent, respectively.
2.For an adult dog, all this will be redundant. In the feed for this, the largest group, protein and fat make up 22-26 and 12-15 percent. Manufacturers, as a rule, offer for this age group not only a wide range of food tastes, but also options that provide for the lifestyle of dogs – their greater or lesser activity.
3.In older dogs, mobility decreases, metabolic processes slow down. In order to avoid obesity and overload on internal organs, the caloric content of feed is reduced, and protein and fat make up only 19-22 and 10-12 percent of most manufacturers. The complex of vitamins in the feed for the elderly is also selected in accordance with age.
In addition to age, the size of the dog is an important factor . In accordance with this indicator, not only the size of the granules varies, but also some biological features. For example, the metabolism of small dogs is slightly higher than that of their large counterparts, so the composition of the feed is slightly different.
But, of course, the most important thing in the feed is its quality composition . Even if the food is positioned as puppy, but is economy-class or commercial, then nothing good will come of feeding the puppy. It is better to spend a little of your time, deal with the classification of feeds and choose a quality food for your puppy that will benefit the dog, and not just the manufacturer of the feed.
HOW TO FEED A DOG BONES?
Everyone knows that literally two things can be done with bones: either throw it away or give it to a dog. But is it? Below we will tell you what “sugar stone” is, to whom and in what form it can be given.
Sugar bone is a large bone, covered with cartilage, with a spongy tissue structure and having an articular head. Why is it sugar? It is called so not at all because it is made of sugar, but because the head of the bone has a smooth surface, white in color like sugar, in color.
Let’s figure out who
such a tasty treat is suitable for: – First of all, it is recommended to give such a treat to puppies aged 4.5-6 months. At this age, babies change their teeth, they often bite everything around. A stone will help them loosen and help them fall out faster.
- Such a bone is a natural abrasive for brushing your teeth. If you give it 1-2 times a month to puppies older than 6 months of age, then this will serve as a good prevention against tartar.
- There is a lot of calcium in the bones, so they can be added to the diet as a source of this useful element. But there are some dangers:
- From the use of bones, the pet erases and crumbles teeth. It is not recommended to give them to animals of advanced age, as well as dogs with weak gums. It is better to indulge such pets with delicacies prepared with their own hands.
- Bones are not well digested, and their frequent consumption can clog the stomach and cause constipation.
- Pets with problems with discipline are also not recommended to give bones. The dog can begin to guard the bone, protect and grind.
- For small breeds of dogs such a treat is hardly suitable. It is better for them to immediately separate pieces of cartilage or tendons. An alternative is trachea, ears, calyx and other cartilage-containing products.
What ’s the difference between age-specific foods?
Dogs and cats become almost adult dogs and cats in their first year of life. From birth to one year of age, puppies and kittens require more nutrients than adult dogs and cats because they require more nutrients for growth. Pet age-specific foods are displayed in three levels according to the following situations (Exhibition: Partially reorganized the Pet Food Association website).
1.Pregnancy / lactation food
It is a so-called milk substitute that is given until about 4 weeks of age. There are powdered milk and liquid milk based on the components of dog and cat breast milk. There are also high-nutrition foods designed to meet the nutritional standards that mother dogs and cats need for breastfeeding.
2.Food for pregnancy / lactation / food for puppies / kittens / growth
Until around 8 weeks of age, we give so-called baby food. If the mother and the weaning child live together, they may imitate the mother and start eating dry food, but if not, instead of suddenly giving granular dry food, It is a good idea to increase the size of the grains, paste the flake or powdered food, or make it into a wet type.
From about 8 weeks of age to 1 year old (up to 1 and a half years for large dogs, up to about 10 months for ultra-small dogs), give food indicated for puppies and kittens, growing or growth . Vitamins, minerals and amino acids required for bone and body growth are fortified, making it a comprehensive nutritional diet designed to provide sufficient protein and lipids.
After 1 year old, it is displayed as adult dog / cat or maintenance period, maintenance, etc., and there are various types of food.
In addition, from the age of 6 to 8 years old, attention has been drawn to the increase in dogs and cats who live longer, such as “food for elderly dogs and cats”, “food for elderly dogs and cats”, and “food for long-lived dogs and cats”. There is also a “food” (how to divide the age and how to write it depends on the product and manufacturer). This food is adjusted to low fat and low calorie according to the decrease of the amount of exercise and metabolism, and the component is adjusted in consideration of the decrease of each function of the body and the supplement of nutrition.