How to choose dog food?
1.According to the age
Nutrient requirements for dogs of different ages are different.
There are separate diets for puppies, adult animals and aging pets. For example, it is important for a puppy to get more calories with food than an adult dog. And vice versa: diets for animals over 8 years old should take into account that aging dogs need 20% less energy than an adult.
The ratio of vitamins and minerals for each age is also different. In particular, the puppy needs a significant amount of amino acids, calcium, phosphorus, zinc. Older dogs require more B vitamins, copper, and again zinc.
The nutritional needs of the dog also depend on its size. Miniature pets are prone to obesity, oral diseases, skin and hair problems. Accordingly, moderate-calorie foods are recommended for such dogs to maintain weight, with special calcium compounds for teeth, with a special combination of linoleic acid and zinc for skin and hair coat.
In turn, large breeds have sensitive digestion and often suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, large dogs are shown fiber-rich diets from easily digestible ingredients containing a complex of fatty acids and glucosamine that is beneficial for the joints.
A dog receiving a standard balanced food, while observing the norms and diet, does not experience problems with the assimilation of rations . However, there is a small group of animals with a particularly sensitive digestive system. For these pets special feeds have been developed .
Diets for dogs with sensitive digestion differ from universal ones by the presence of a larger number of prebiotics that improve intestinal microflora; the presence of omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids that reduce inflammation; Easily digestible rice serving as a source of carbohydrates. This food relieves the dog of unpleasant symptoms of indigestion.
There are also feeds for specific breeds on the market. In the feed line Royal canin there are diets intended for labradors, chihuahuas and so on. These feeds take into account the specific features of the rocks. For example, labradors have wool with a unique water-repellent structure, so they are recommended fatty acids and a special protective complex of substances to maintain healthy skin and coat. Chihuahuas are prone to tartar formation, from the appearance of which a special food with calcium compounds rescues. Also, feed for specific breeds Eukanuba, Advance Affinity.
How to feed a dog dry food
Heavy drink 24/7
Providing your pet with round-the-clock access to fresh clean water is the first and most important rule when using ready-made dry rations. While wet feed and natural meat are 60–80% water, then in dry granules it is practically absent. Lack of fluid in the diet negatively affects the work of all body systems, can lead to dehydration and the development of chronic diseases.
To avoid problems, regularly check the animal for water. Many dogs refuse muddy drinking, which previously got saliva. And they do the right thing: after all, in such an environment, pathogenic microbes multiply rapidly, provoking diseases and poisoning. Therefore, if you care about the health of the dog, do not be lazy to update the contents of the drinking bowl more often.
It is recommended that working owners who spend the whole day outside the house pay attention to automatic drinking bowls – special devices designed to water the dog without human intervention. They are of two main types:
- with the flow of water from a previously prepared tank;
- with connection directly to the water supply system.
Often, these gadgets are equipped with filters for water purification, the ability to adjust the pressure and other additional functions.
What are the different types of dog meals and purposes?
Meals given to pet dogs can be divided into “general nutrition foods”, “snacks”, “therapeutic foods”, and “other target foods”.
- Comprehensive nutrition food
“Dog food” applies to meals mainly given.
It is a major source of energy for your dog’s healthy body, so it is recommended that you choose a premium dog food that contains as little raw material as possible and is human quality.
“Snack” applies to snacks.
Please choose something that has a good bite to give as a reward for discipline.
- Therapeutic diet
It is a food that is given during the treatment of illness when the dog is not feeling well. It has less calories and salt than ordinary dog food.
Supplements that support “joint”, “aging measures” and “improve immunity” are applicable.
Lactic acid bacterium is a supplement that helps bowel movements, and glucosamine is a supplement for joint care.